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Free web sites on Philosophy

Eastern & Islamic Philosophy

  • Ancient Eastern Philosophy
    Subtitled: On the Ancient Wisdom of Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism & Confucianism.                                      

  • Chinese Philosophy
    Describes various Chinese philosophers from many timelines, listing brief biographies and an overview of their philosophy. Philosophers include Zhang Junmai (Carsun Chang, 1877-1969), Mou Zongsan (Mou Tsung-san, 1909-1993), Feng Youlan (Fung Yu-lan, 1895-1990), Wang Chong (Wang Ch’ung, 25—100 C.E.), Cheng Yi (1033—1107), Dai Zhen (Tai Chen, 1724—1777), Cheng Hao (Cheng Mingdao, 1032—1085), Liezi (Lieh-tzu, c. 4th c. B.C.E.), Mozi (Mo-tzu, c. 400s—300s B.C.E.), Zhong Hui (Chung Hui, 225–264 C.E.), Zhu Xi (Chu Hsi, 1130—1200), Guo Xiang (c.252—312 C.E.), Huineng (Hui-neng) (638-713), Fazang (Fa-tsang, 643—712 C.E.), Yang Xiong (53 B.C.E.—18 C.E.), Wang Yangming (1472—1529), and of course, Confucius (551—479 B.C.E.), Ge Hong (Ko Hung, 283—343 C.E.), Mencius (c. 372—289 B.C.E.), Laozi (Lao-tzu, fl. 6th c. B.C.E.), Wang Bi (226—249 C.E.), Sengzhao (Seng-Chao c. 378—413 C.E.), Zhuangzi (Chuang-Tzu, 369—298 B.C.E.), Zhang Zai (Chang Tsai, 1020—1077), Xunzi (Hsün Tzu, c. 310—c. 220 B.C.E.), Xuanzang (Hsüan-tsang) (602—664).

  • Indian Philosophers List
    Lists philosophers from before 1000 BCE to the 20th century, with links to brief biographical sketches. Includes Rabindranath Tagore, Mahatma Gandhi, and Jiddu Krishnamurti.

  • Japanese Philosophy
    From this site: Japanese Philosophy has historically been a fusion of both foreign (particularly Chinese and Western) and uniquely Japanese elements. In its literary forms, Japanese philosophy began about fourteen centuries ago. Confucianism entered Japan from China around the 5th Century A.D., as did Buddhism. Neo-Confucianism became most prominent in Japan in the 16th Century. Also since the 16th Century, certain indigenous ideas of loyalty and honour developed within the Japanese samurai or warrior class were integrated. Western philosophy has had its major impact in Japan only since the middle of the 19th Century. However, in all of these cases, the philosophies were not imported wholesale; rather, they were adapted, and selectively adopted.

  • Korean Philosophy
    A survey of History and Major Schools. From the site: "Korean Philosophy has been influenced by a number of religious and philosophical thought-systems over the years, including Shamanism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism."

  • Islamic Philosophy
    Describes various Islamic philosophers, with brief biographies, and their major principles. Philosophers include Mulla Sadra (c. 1572—1640), Ikhwan al-Safa' (an anonymous group of authors), Ibn Rushd (Averroes) (1126—1198), Avicenna (Ibn Sina) (c.980—1037), Nasir Khusraw (1004-1060), Hamid al-Din al-Kirmani (d. 1020), Abu Ya'qub al-Sijistani (fl. 971), Al-Shahrastānī (d. 1153 C.E.), and Nasir al-Din Tusi (1201—1274).

Subject Guide

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Karen Briere
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