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Protective Services

Free web sites on law enforcement, criminal justice, fire science, emergency management, homeland security




  • American Red Cross
    The mission statement: The American Red Cross prevents and alleviates human suffering in the face of emergencies by mobilizing the power of volunteers and the generosity of donors.​ Its history began when Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881, inspired by the gobal Red Cross Network. It was Barton who campaigned for the inclusion of peacetime relief work as part of the Red Cross Network, rather than concentrating on wartime relief efforts

  • CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    History for this site began "On July 1, 1946 the Communicable Disease Center (CDC) opened its doors and occupied one floor of a small building in Atlanta. Its primary mission was simple yet highly challenging: prevent malaria from spreading across the nation. Armed with a budget of only $10 million and fewer than 400 employees, the agency’s early challenges included obtained enough trucks, sprayers, and shovels necessary to wage war on mosquitoes....Today, CDC is one of the major operating components of the Department of Health and Human Serves and is recognized as the nation’s premiere health promotion, prevention, and preparedness agencies."

  • Commissioned Corps of the U.S. Public Health Service
    From the site: "For more than 200 years, men and women have served on the front lines of our nation’s public health in what is today called the Commissioned Corps of the U.S. Public Health Service. The Commissioned Corps traces its beginnings back to the U.S. Marine Hospital Service protecting against the spread of disease from sailors returning from foreign ports and maintaining the health of immigrants entering the country. Currently, Commissioned Corps officers are involved in health care delivery to underserved and vulnerable populations, disease control and prevention, biomedical research, food and drug regulation, mental health and drug abuse services, and response efforts for natural and man-made disasters as an essential component of the largest public health program in the world."

  • FEMA: Federal Emergency Management Agency
    Established in 1979, FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from and mitigate all hazards. The site helps to Plan, Prepare & Mitigate Before, During, & After a Disaster; Disaster Survivor Assistance; and Response & Recovery.

  • Homeland Security
    The Department of Homeland Security secures the nation from such threats as terrorism, domestic terrorism, human trafficking, cybersecurity, immigration enforcement, and disasters. DHS combined 22 different federal departments and agencies into a unified, integrated cabinet agency when it was established in 2002.

  • NCDP: National Center for Disaster Preparedness
    Columbia University's Earth Institute posts the following mission statement: The National Center for Disaster Preparedness at the Earth Institute works to understand and improve the nation’s capacity to prepare for, respond to and recover from disasters. NCDP focuses on the readiness of governmental and non-governmental systems; the complexities of population recovery; the power of community engagement; and the risks of human vulnerability, with a particular focus on children. Some topics are Ebola, hurricanes, and Children & Disasters.

  • San Antonio Office of Emergency Management
    he mission of the City of San Antonio Office of Emergency Management (SAOEM) is to coordinate activities of the City departments responsible for continued operations during disasters, coordinate agreements for the use of resources, communicate with State and Federal agencies, and provide education and training to citizens and municipal employees.


  • The Development of Emergency Medical Dispatch in the USA: a Historical Perspective
    From the European Journal of Emergency Medicine, a paper by B.S. Zachariah and P.E. Pepe, both working from Texas, this history starts in the 1970s.

  • Emergency Response Resources
    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) gives a list of links to Personal Protective Equipment, including Respirators, Protective clothing, Skin exposures, Eye protection, and Hearing Protection. There is also a link to NIOSH's:
  • Emergency Preparedness and Response Resources
    Topics include Responder Safety and Health, Natural Disasters and Hazards, NIOSH Disaster Response Efforts, NIOSH Progrmas, and Publications and Products.

  • First Responder
    From Wikipedia: "A first responder is an employee of an emergency service who is likely to be among the first people to arrive at and assist at the scene of an emergency such as an accident, natural disaster, or terrorist attack. First responders typically include police officers, deputy sheriffs, firefighters, paramedics, and rescuers." There are also Certified First Responders, Community First Responders, and Wilderness First Responders.

  • First Responders
    Outlines the Mission of the First Responders Group (FRG): In close partnership with first responders at all levels, FRG identifies, validates, and facilitates the fulfillment of needs through the use of existing and emerging technologies, knowledge products, and standards. Includes publications, First Responder Communities of Practice (FRCoP), events, news, grants and trainings, and a newsletter.

  • History of EMS
    From the Civil War to today.

  • NREMT: National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians, the Nation's EMS Certification
    The history of the NREMT and EMS in the U.S., from the 1970s, with links to historical photos and videos.

  • What is a Paramedic and a History of EMS
    A paramedic is a certified medical technician who operates under the license of a physician, one who is usually board certified in Emergency Medicine. EMS, Emergency Medical Services, has roots in ancient history when Greek and Egyptian armies transported injured soldiers by chariot, and Napoleon's French army created the first triage system to prioritize the wounded for treatment and transport. In the US, in 1966 a paper was issued which noted most civilian ambulance services were poorly equipped and trained. Thr 1966 paper is available next:
  • Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society

  • Drought Preparedness & Water Conservation
    The American Red Cross presents information on types of drought and general guidelines on water restrictions. A way of life in South Texas.

  • Earthquake Hazards Program
    Okay, so earthquake problems aren't necessarily a reality for San Antonio, but we did have a tremor that people on the 4th floor of this building felt. So, here are various handbooks on preparedness and earthquake drills. However, big surprise, see the next title!

  • Earthquake Supplies Kit and Emergency Preparedness Center - San Antonio, TX
    A nice summary of our city and where to call for help--hint, '911'!

  • How to Make a Tornado Survival Kit
    The good news: the chances of surviving are higher than most people think.

  • Hurricane Preparedness - Be Ready
    From the National Hurricane Center.

  • Snake Bites
    MedlinePlus presents Causes (because the dang snake bit me!), Symptoms (I'm dying!), First Aid (Keep calm? Right ...), When to Contact a Medical Professional (Now!), Prevention (don't go outside ... ever). There, I believe I've covered the steps and my honest reaction to them.

  • 10 Disaster Preparedness Tips You Can Really Use
    The tips are substantial, and the pictures are hilarious.

  • TFFC: Texas Flash Food Coalition
    Includes Best Flood Safety Management Tips with links to the City of San Antonio, City of Austin, and the San Antonio River Authority.

  • Tips for First Responders
    From Texas A&M University, tips to help victims with impairments, seniors, childbearing & newborns, mental illness, and general tips.

  • What Makes a Good Cadaver Dog?
    Q&A asked of English professor Cat Warren by Cate Lineberry for National Geographic.


  • Disaster Declarations for Texas
    List list consists of: Major Disaster Declarations: storms, explosions, wildfire, flooding, tornadoes, hurricanes, hail, and once, in 1990, severe freeze. Emergency Declarations: explosion, tropic storms, hurricanes, wildfire, fires, and in 2003, loss of the Space Shuttle Columbia. And finally, Fire Management Assistance Declarations.

  • For Today's Responders, 1937 Texas Tragedy Still Carries Lessons for Avoiding Disaster
    Discusses the New London, Texas, gas explosion in a school, which killed 300 students and 40 teachers.

    Subtitled: Events that touched our ancestors' lives. You can browse by disaster, year, state, or by Canada. Includes newspapers articles about train wrecks, fires, floods, shipwrecks (not many in San Antonio), accidents, and other disasters. Disasters for San Antonio start on page 21.

  • Oilpro Perspectives: the Biggest Oilfield Disasters in History
    Some of the largest oilfield disasters around the world. All of these disasters involve water, oddly enough.

  • 10 Most Horrific Tragedies and Natural Disasters in Texas History
    Begins with the 1900 Galveston Hurricane, and includes the 1915 Galveston Hurricane, as well as the Central Texas Flood of 1921, which includes a picture of our Travis Street.

  • 10 States With the Most Natural Disasters
    Texas is usually proud to be number one on various lists, but not so proud bo be this list's number one.
  • Texas Oil Field Work Proving Deadly for Employees
    An article by Lise Olsen for the Houston Chronicle, 9/23/14.

  • Also see the HISTORIES tab

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