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Women's History Week 2011: Jazz Age Women - Flappers & Feminists: Home

Welcome everyone!

This guide lists and links to resources such as books, reference materials, journal articles, web sites, and films which highlight and compliment Women's History Week 2011 events.

A listing of all events, including dates, times, and descriptions, is also available at the Women's History Week web site.


Schedule of Events

March 1 - 4, 2011


As part of San Antonio College’s 85th Anniversary, please join the Women’s History Committee for “Jazz Age Women: Flappers and Feminists,” March 1-4 2011.  Our planned activities include a gallery presentation, several films from the era focused on women, and a number of speakers and interactive events, including a presentation by the San Antonio College Women’s Center, and an oral history project entitled “Women Remember San Antonio College.


Unless otherwise indicated, events will take place in the Visual Arts and Technology Center (VATC) Room 120, located at the corner of Dewey and Lewis Streets, across from the Fletcher Administration Center (FAC).



Tuesday, March 1, 2011

10:55 a.m. - 12:05 p.m. - VATC 120 

Opening remarks by Dr. Robert Zeigler,  President, San Antonio College

 Keynote Address:  Solar Powered Paper Dolls
Carol Flueckiger,  Associate Professor of Art, Faculty Affiliate for the Women’s Studies Program, Texas Tech
Flueckiger’s lecture “Solar Powered Paper Dolls” examines the evolution of Victorian American fashion and feminist reform. In her work she blueprints handwritten letters over vintage dress forms, leaves and clothing tags, encouraging the viewer to “try on” our history of fashion and feminist thought.


12:15 p.m. -  1:00 p.m. - VATC 120

Reception with refreshments

Wednesday, March 2, 2011

9:00 a.m. - 9:50 a.m. - VATC 120

Georgia O'Keeffe 1925:  From Petunias to Skyscrapers
Marleen Hoover, Visual Art Department, San Antonio College

Artist Georgia O'Keeffe did not "look" like the image of the 1920s flapper, but she was every bit the sexually liberated feminist.  Although she did not define herself in that way, her intensely close-up flower paintings and her New York skyscrapers describe this important part of her identify.

10:00 a.m. - 10:50 a.m. - VATC 120

The International Conference of 1916 in San Antonio:  Women Coming Together Across Borders
Juanita Luna Lawhn,
English Department, San Antonio College

The International Women’s Conference of 1916 in San Antonio was only a beginning in the efforts that women have put together to be involved in the social, economic, and political issues of this country.  It is beyond one's imagination to conceive that such an international conference of its stature took place in San Antonio at the turn of the century.

11:00 a.m. - 11:50 a.m. - VATC 120

Laboring for Love / The Silent Path of Power:  Women of "Little Mexico" in San Antonio, Texas
Margaret Greco, Visual Art Department, San Antonio College

The strictures of urban financial collapse that catapulted the onset of the Depression led the women of San Antonio's "little Mexico" to work increasingly within the home -- hand sewing, embroidering, and producing delicately drawn work for the women and children of more prosperous families.  The commercial labor of those women rested on a foundation of love's labors:  devotion to spiritual entities, the dead, and harmony within the home.

Thursday, March 3, 2011

8:00 a.m. - 9:15 a.m. - VATC 120

Film:  Pandora's Box (1925)

Directed by G.W. Pabst and starring Louise Brooks, this classic silent German film tells of Lulu, a seductive, thoughtless young woman whose raw sexuality and uninhibited nature bring ruin to herself and those who love her, until she encounters one of history's most notorious killers - Jack the Ripper. The film was considered particularly shocking at the time of its release because of the suggestion of a lesbian attraction between Lulu and a Countess.  103 minutes.

9:25 a.m. - 10:40 a.m. - VATC 120

Women's Center Scholarship Awards and Presentation

While Some Were Flapping Others Were Founding a New Community in Texas: Las Mejicanas de Lockhart, Texas
Maria Berriozabal, former City Council member

  Women of Vision Awards will be presented to two faculty and/or staff who encourage and promote sensitivity to and awareness of issues that relate to women.

  12:15 p.m. - 1:30 p.m. - VATC 120

Film: Sally of the Sawdust (1925)

Directed by D.W. Griffith and starring W.C. Fields, Sally of the Sawdust is a blend of comedy and sentiment, rags-to-riches,, and a critique of upper-class pretenses.  Sally performs in the circus with her "pop," Professor Eustace McGargle, played by Fields. Little does she know that McGargle came to be her guardian through an unlikely set of circumstances, and is not in fact her real father. As Sally nears adulthood, McGargle decides to bring her to her old hometown so that she might know the truth about her family.  104 minutes.

Friday, March 4, 2011

9:00 a.m. - 9:50 a.m. - VATC 120

"I Forgot to Put in a Special Cake": Forgetting and Remembering Alice B. Toklas in Gertrude Stein's War Writing
David Rando, Assistant Professor, English Department, Trinity University

Gertrude Stein was probably the most radically innovative and perhaps the bravest experimental writer of the twentieth century, yet the works that gained Stein the most fame in her lifetime, her autobiographies, written during World War I and II, almost completely ignore Stein’s love relationship with Alice B. Toklas.  David Rando’s paper will examine her practices of forgetting and remembering Alice as a function of Stein’s experience of love and war.

10:00 a.m. - 10:50 a.m. - VATC 120

Legs, Rouge, Smoking and Booze:  The Flapper and Her Friends
M. Laylon Alexander, Juren Sullivan Center for Fashion Management, University of the Incarnate Word

What happened in the 1920s that sparked this rebellion in youth, especially in the young girls?  Lalon Alexander will take a visual tour of the decade and the events that led up to it.  How did this affect their fashions and what did it mean for the women who would follow them?

11:00 a.m. - 11:50 a.m. - VATC 120

Film:  The Red Kimona (1925)

"The Red Kimona," directed by Walter Lang, deals with subjects (prostitution, crime and social discrimination) that were not common
when this film was made.  It is based on a true story that depicts the life of a young and innocent girl who is fooled by her lover into prostitution in New Orleans.  The film denounces social hypocrisy towards the young woman.  77 minutes. 



What Did They Wear?

-Held, John. "Teaching old dogs new tricks." Life. 1926. Image from ARTstor database.

Depicts againts a red background a young, blonde flapper in a white dress and red heels doing the Charleston with an elderly man in a tuxedo. A red scarf is sailing through the air between them.

-Shoes, Evening. 1927. Marshall Field & Co. Image from ARTstor database.

Pearlescent fuchsia and peach kidskin; clear rhinestones; gold metallic kidskin piping a-b. Pair of T-strap shoes: D'Orsay cut; oval toe; twist design buttoned T-strap cut from throat; high Continental heel; foliate scroll appliqué on vamp; triangle of rhinestones sewed on T-strap; kidskin piping

The Jazz Age is remembered as a period of unparalleled exuberance, due not least to contemporary fashion. Women's eveningwear in particular expressed this zeitgeist through uncomplicated cuts and bold uses of color, pattern, and glittering materials. Metallic leathers and lively appliqués were important elements in footwear designed to accompany the iconic "flapper dresses", however the fuchsia and peach pearlized leather of this pair of flamboyant evening T-strap shoes is extraordinary. To assure an eye-catching sparkle, the designer has included a panel of pavé rhinestones on the strap.

-Dress, Evening. 1925. Anne & Thérèse. Image from ARTstor database.

Blue chiffon; royal blue sequin embroidery outlined with pink and iridescent blue seed beads, overlapping petal motifs Chemise; knee-length; tubular; low-waisted bodice; sleeveless; round neck; petal-shaped hem; crepe underslip

This dress is an excellent example of the flapper style that was established and popularized during the 1920s. The silhouette displayed the youthful body, as skirts were raised and the waist was dropped. It was common for young ladies to dance the night away doing the Charleston, the Shimmy and the Black Bottom, and the beading of this dress would have been eye-catching with such movement. The intricate and artistic beadwork that is used is of the highest quality and an example of refined French workmanship from the period. While the flapper style began as a style quite shocking, it developed into the look of the modern fashionable woman.

-Dress, Evening. Peggy Hoyt. Image from ARTstor database.

Yellow chiffon and charmeuse; pale green chiffon edging; blue, silver and milky white beads embroidered in Asian-inspired architectural and floral motifs Knee-length; tubular low-waisted bodice, scalloped border at waist; plunging round neck outlined in rows of rhinestones; flared skirt, scalloped hem; scalloped fagoting on underslip and scalloped lace inset at top; chiffon edging attached with fagoting

Peggy Hoyt entered the world of fashion as an apprentice in a Fifth Avenue millinery shop at the age of 17. With $300, she established her own shop, Peggy Hoyt, Inc. on Fifth Avenue. Focusing on millinery, Hoyt did not branch into designing women's clothing until after World War I, but when she did, she opened the doors to greater success. Her designs were creative and unique, rivaling the French dressmakers. Designing each one of her creations, whether hats or dresses, Hoyt took great pride in her work which was worn by a small and exclusive group. This elaborately beaded evening dress is a wonderful representation of Hoyt's work. Known for her use of rhinestone ornamentation, the pattern seen here expresses the freedom she took in design creativity. As the flapper style was still in vogue, this would have been an exquisite piece for any of Hoyt's clientele to wear for a night on the town.

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